(2,440 words)

1. Introduction; development

From the late Middle Ages, apprenticeship functioned as the first stage of professional training in trade and in crafts and trades, as well as providing a transitional period away from the family between the worlds of youth and adulthood. In craft professions, apprenticeship consisted mostly of a formal process of training. Although the training of a merchant also took place away from the…

Cite this page
Reith, Reinhold and Stöger, Georg, “Apprenticeship”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 21 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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