On November 2nd 1789, the French national assembly passed a decree placing church property at the disposal of the nation, and the process of expropriation of the Catholic Church began (Secularization; Secularization [legal]). Over the years that followed, first church and crown property were requisitioned for auction or sale (biens nationaux de première origine; “Biens nationaux of first origin”), then from 1792 also property belonging to families (mostly noble) that had fled the…
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“Biens nationaux”, in:
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy.
Consulted online on 18 October 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024551>