The ancestors of European domestic cattle came from Syria and Anatolia. They spread through Southern, Central, Northern, and Eastern Europe within just a few human generations. They are not descendants of the European aurochs, which was intensively hunted: the last individual died in a game park in Poland in 1627 [5. 264].
Where cattle were farmed on a large scale (e.g. Austria and Switzerland), beef was an important element in the diet and dining cult…
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Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy.
Consulted online on 30 April 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026738>