(829 words)

Acclimatization is defined today as the introduction of non-native wild animals and plants, and the process by which they are habituated to new, climatically alien surroundings, enabling them to breed there. The term refers both to a technique used by humans for centuries and to a process that occurs in nature [4. VII]; [5. 71]. It has also come to be used of people in medicine, especially tropical and colonial medicine [3]. A theoretical foundation for acclimatization in biology was only established in the modern period, and the precise definition of terminology and diff…

Cite this page
Rieke-Müller, Annelore, “Acclimatization”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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