Alpine passes
(1,014 words)

Alpine passes are the connections between Western, Central, and Eastern Europe and Italy. As well as the fluctuating roll call of around 100 passes of primarily regional and local significance, there were at the dawn of the early modern period around two dozen major Alpine passes. These included (from west to east): the Mont Genève, the Mont Cenis, the Great St. Bernhard, and the St. Gotthard; the chief passes of the Grisons: Septimer, Splügen, St. Bernardino, and Lukmanier; finally, the Reschen…

Cite this page
Beyrer, Klaus, “Alpine passes”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 21 February 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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