Address, forms of
(1,027 words)

In modern and traditional societies, address is an important element of social interaction. “Address” in this context means the spoken reference to a conversational partner. Forms of address are the various linguistic expressions that serve the process of address. In German, these include pronouns, forenames, surnames, titles, and professional and kinship terms.

Address in the early modern period and since has also included, as a practice associated with rules of convention, specific gestures, e.g. kissing a lady’s hand, bowing, the polite doffin…

Cite this page
Becker, Peter, “Address, forms of”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

▲   Back to top   ▲