(811 words)

An apanage is the endowment granted by a reigning sovereign to family members excluded from territorial sovereignty, to provide for them in a style appropriate to their estate. The term derives from Medieval Latin apanagium (also appanamentum, from appanare, “furnish, endow”). The term first appears in German-speaking Europe in the 16th/17th century, but the institution is older. Other German terms included Deputat, Erbgebührnis, Landesportion, and Pension. Its use in English dates from ca. 1600.

The institution of apanage emerged in the context of sole succession a…

Cite this page
Schnettger, Matthias, “Apanage”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_016933>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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