Agricultural implements
(892 words)

Prior to the mechanization of agriculture, which commenced in Central Europe in the middle of the 19th century, agricultural labor in the fields and on farms was shaped by the use of agricultural implements. With the exception of tillage (plows, harrows, rollers), for which farmers relied primarily on draft animals (Horse; Cattle; Donkey) peasant housework and daily labor [3] in the Early modern period were carried out by hand, without the use of machines, and without wind or water power. These latter technologies were known and had been in use in mi…

Cite this page
Meiners, Uwe, “Agricultural implements”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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