Animal protection
(937 words)

Animal protection includes both the increasing awareness of animals as living beings socially, culturally, and politically speaking in need of protection from human cruelty, and institutional and legal systems for implementing such protection. As part of a broader movement, European animal protection had its roots in Christian tradition (Francis of Assisi, Thomas Aquinas). Ancient philosophical traditions (Pythagoras, Porphyry) emphasizing kindness towards animals and vegetarianism were the subject of increasing reception from the 18th century.

At the dawn of the ear…

Cite this page
Boddice, Rob, “Animal protection”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 21 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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