(936 words)

1. Definition

Carts are wagons with one or two axles, pulled by animals (e.g. donkey, horse or cattle) and used for the transportation(Passenger transportation; Traffic and transport; Transport network) of goods. The first carts were built around 3500 BCE in Mesopotamia - present-day Iraq - and in Central Europe. While in Neolithic times these were carts and wagons with one-piece d…

Cite this page
Köppen, Thomas, “Cart”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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