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Crown (coin)
(717 words)

The monetary history of Europe (Money economy) recognizes a variety of gold and silver coins called crowns, with diverse roots. The earliest is the French gold crown (couronne dor), which was first minted in 1385 with a crowned shield with fleurs-de-lis on the obverse and initially contained 5.55 g of fine gold. Its predecessor was the gold écu d’or (“gold shield”) first minted in 1337. After repeated changes of weight, in 1475 under King Louis XI the couronne d’or with a troy weight of 0.963 g, a normal gross weight of 3.496 g, and a net weight of 3.367 g was minted (Coin). Above the crown sto…

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Schneider, Konrad, “Crown (coin)”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_022823>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20170206



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