Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Excommunication
(1,133 words)

1. Definition

In all confessional bodies, excommunication means the separation of Christians from the ecclesiastical community [6. Art. I, Nr. 1]. Excommunicates lose their rights of membership while their obligations to the church remain. It does not mean exclusion from the church, because the membership bestowed on Christians through baptism (Sacrament) cannot be revoked. It is the most severe punishment available to the church [3. § 863]. Therefore excommunicati…

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Schlinker, Steffen, “Excommunication”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 19 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019034>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126



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