The term Gewerke was common throughout German-speaking Europe; it first appeared in the context of medieval mining, where initially it meant people engaged in mining in general. Later it came to mean one or more participants in a mining venture (pit) who owned shares and produced as a consortium. Even in the Middle Ages, the term was also used in the sense of technical or construction jobs that traditionally were performed by a crafts and trades guild. The members of the guild, the guildsmen, were likewise called Gewerken in German.
Legally mines could be acquired by both natura…
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Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online
, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012.
Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_020219>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915