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Humankind, human being
(5,417 words)

1. Introduction

Biologically speaking, “human being” refers to the subspecies homo sapiens sapiens, a social mammal characterized by bipedality and the use of tools to alter its environment. The concepts of "human being" (Greek ánthropos, Latin homo, early modern English man) and “humanity” or “humankind” (Latin humanitas or humane genus; cf. Greek anthrṓpinon génos) were handed down to the early modern period in the form of fixed Gree…

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Rüsen, Jörn and Jordan, Stefan, “Humankind, human being”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023936>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915



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