Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Illuminati
(1,348 words)

1. History

In 1776, Adam Weishaupt founded a secret society at Ingolstadt in Bavaria, calling it the Orden der Illuminati (“Order of the Illuminati”; literally the “Illuminated Ones”). The society sought to achieve its goal, which in the broadest sense was the triumph of the Enlightenment, by subversive means. After flourishing briefly, it was banned as a threat to the state in Palatinate Bavaria in 1785, and by 178…

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Markner, Reinhard, “Illuminati”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_021257>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915



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