Manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible in the Middle Ages
(2,520 words)

In the Middle Ages, Hebrew Bible manuscript production underwent important changes. While the consonantal text and the canonical composition of 24 books had long been fixed, it was now provided with the textual apparatus of the Masorah and the system of written vowels and cantillation signs (טעמים ṭeʿamim), which followed three main traditions: Babylonian, Palestinian, and Tiberian. The books acquired a new shape: the codex form was accepted alongside that of the traditional scrolls, which continued to be used in liturgy. The material aspect…

Cite this page
Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith, “Manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible in the Middle Ages”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 16 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000630>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423



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