Resh: Pre-Modern Hebrew
(3,567 words)

In the Tiberian Reading Tradition of Biblical Hebrew resh was pronounced in two different ways, as was the case with the בגדכפת bgdkpt letters.

According to the 11th-century treatise Hidāyat al-Qāriʾ ‘Guide for the Reader’ (Masoretic Treatises), its basic primary articulation was with ‘the middle third of the tongue’, as was the case with qof and plosive kaf, suggesting an advanced uvular position (Eldar 1984). It is not made clear whether it was a roll [ʀ] or frictionless continuant [ʁ̖].

The secondary pronunciation of resh is said in the medieval sources to occur in the envir…

Cite this page
Khan, Geoffrey, “Resh: Pre-Modern Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 20 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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