(4,071 words)

In the pre-modern era, anti-Judaism included a range of attitudes and behaviors against Jews as members of a population conspicuous through its religious difference. These spanned from negative assertions in theological discourses, chronicles, songs, theatrical plays, and others more to open violence. In …

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Johannes Heil, Heidelberg, “Anti-Judaism”, in: Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online, Original German Language Edition: Enzyklopädie Jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. Im Auftrag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig herausgegeben von Dan Diner. © J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart/Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2011–2017.. Consulted online on 26 April 2018 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170409

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