Muqaddam
(850 words)

The Arabic title muqaddam (lit. person placed at the head, i.e., appointee) was used in various parts of the Islamic world from the Middle Ages up to early modern times for the designated head of the Jewish community in a city or country. The functions of the office differed with time and place. Originally, it included religious and temporal leadership, but in later times it was exclusively temporal. In the Maghreb, it was often synonymous with the titles nagid, shaykh al-yahūd, and qāʾid al-Yahūd.

1.    Middle Ages

In the documents from the Cairo Geniza, the term muqaddam is fluid and app…

Cite this page
Norman A. Stillman, “Muqaddam”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 26 March 2017
First published online: 2010



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