Qayrawan
(2,303 words)

Qayrawan (Kairouan; Ar. al-Qayrawān) is a town in central Tunisia, 156 kilometers (97 miles) from Tunis and 57 kilometers (35 miles) from Sousse. It was traditionally believed to have been founded as a military base (Ar. miṣr) by ʿUqba ibn Nāfiʿ, but was actually built on the ruins of an ancient town named Qūniya or Qamūniya. Three dynasties controlled the town: the Aghlabids (810–912), the Fatimids (912–972), and their vassals the Zirids (972–1057). Throughout its history the town was a battleground for rebel activity by local Berber tribes, particularly the Kutama Berbers.

According …

Cite this page
Menahem Ben-Sasson, “Qayrawan”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 30 March 2017
First published online: 2010



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