Citizenship: Caucasus and Central Asia
(1,689 words)

Caucasian and Central Asian women are currently in a process of constant negotiation and renegotiation of their womanness, finding themselves between a revival of Muslim norms and traditions, a Western capitalist influence, and a recent Soviet history, all with completely different standards of what it means to be both a woman and a citizen.

Soviet times

From the earliest days of rule, the Soviet Communists regarded the inclusion of Central Asian and Caucasian women in their very concept of…

Cite this page
Gumppenberg, Marie-Carin von, “Citizenship: Caucasus and Central Asia”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2009

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