Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Development: Community-Based Organizations: Arab States (excepting North Africa)
(1,271 words)

Islamic charities are part of a larger phenomenon of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) throughout the Arab world. NGOs offering charity services arose in the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries in response to socioeconomic ills associated with industrialization, migration, and urbanization. Women have been involved in secular philanthropic and religious NGOs, Christian and Islamic, since their inception. Their numbers have soared during periods of intense political activity, such as t…

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Clark, Janine A., “Development: Community-Based Organizations: Arab States (excepting North Africa)”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 26 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0218a>
First published online: 2009



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