Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Development: Community-Based Organizations: Iran
(825 words)

Historically, community-based women's organizations in Iran have responded to a variety of needs in nomadic, rural, and urban settings. In nomadic communities, rapidly settled since the early 1990s, basic needs have been the reason for the rise of these organizations. In rural areas, where incomes are generally seasonal, it has been the requirements of steady income. Given the complexity and variety of needs in urban areas, many factors have shaped women's associations.

Among the nomads of Iran, the shīrvāra has been the most significant community-based women's organizati…

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Ghandehari, Pardis, “Development: Community-Based Organizations: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 26 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0218e>
First published online: 2009



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