Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures

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Economics: Traditional Professions: Arab States
(3,503 words)

The broad range of traditional female professions is discussed here in the light of the conflict between a gender ideology that excluded women from the labor market, and the economic needs and wishes of widows, divorcees, or married women who were not sufficiently provided for by a male relative. The pervasive upper- and middle-class ideology that Arab Muslim women should not work outside the home for reasons of modesty, honor, and status, had a large impact on the volume, profitability, and soc…

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Jansen, Willy, “Economics: Traditional Professions: Arab States”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0246a>
First published online: 2009



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