¶ [62c] According to the Tārīkh-i Sulṭānī, Prince Mahmud ascended the throne on Thursday, the 13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal 1216/24 July 1801. According to the Nāsikh al-tawārīkh, it was in 1217/1802–1803. His great seal was inscribed:
By God’s favors, the world was graced,
With the banner of Mahmud Shah’s reign.
He summoned each of his supporters and conferred an office on him. Fath Khan, who was the primary cause of his now being the sovereign, was made wazir and given the title “Shah Dust (shah’s friend).” His seal bore the legend:
For the felicitous reign of Mahmud, thanks not to me but to Him,