(714 words)

1. It is difficult to define “privilege”, because of the disparate notions which it suggests. In Roman law, which provided the basis for the notion, it meant a favour bestowed by the lawful authorities on certain persons. But post-classical Roman law also used the term to designate “personal law”, truly juridical norms applying only to certain categories of persons, who had special rights in comparison to their fellow-subjects under the ordinary law. This ambiguity persisted throughout the Middl…

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Olis Robleda, “Privilege”, in: Sacramentum Mundi Online, General Editor Karl Rahner, SJ. Consulted online on 19 June 2018 <>
First published online: 2016

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