and baqāʾ (annihilation and subsistence) are two terms, often found together, pertaining to the terminology of the Sufi path (
sayr wa sulūk). Their origin and basis being metaphysical and cosmological, it is appropriate to discuss this latter aspect before examining the usage and significance of
fanāʾ and baqāʾ in relation to the theories and lived experience of authorities on Sufism. Lexically,
fanāʾ means to die, perish, or cease to be;
baqāʾ means to remain alive, exist, and subsist.
Fanāʾ, a verbal noun, means the effacement of the apparent manifestation of a thing;