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Passive (Syntax)

(3,102 words)

Author(s): Amira Agameya
The passive in Arabic is a sentence structure in which the semantic subject or agent, i.e. the performer of or person/thing responsible for an action, is suppressed and, in fact, cannot be mentioned. This renders the passive in Arabic an impersonal structure. In the passive, the understood object of the active verb is the subject of the passive sentence and is marked for this role by nominative case in the Classical/Standard Arabic variety. The verb changes into the passive by either changing the vowels in the stem and tense prefix or by the insertion of a prefix (passive). 1. Structural pro…
Date: 2018-04-01

Subject

(3,176 words)

Author(s): Amira Agameya
The subject of a sentence is a constituent that performs a certain grammatical function in relation to the predicate or verb of the clause. It signifies the topic around which the rest of the clause revolves, or represents the agent (doer) of the verb. Typically, the subject is a noun phrase. It can also be an adjective, a pronoun, or a clause. In Classical and Modern Standard Arabic, the subject is explicitly marked for Case; it mainly receives nominative case but, under certain conditions, can…
Date: 2018-04-01