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Merger

(423 words)

Author(s): Bridget Samuels
Abstract The coalescence of multiple phonemes into one. Several mergers took place in the consonantal system between PIE and the Classical period, while later mergers transformed the vowel system as it developed into Koine. As a centum language, one important set of mergers in the prehistory of Greek was between the plain velars *k, *g, *gʰ and their palatovelar counterparts *ḱ, *ǵ, *ǵʰ (examples from Sihler 1995).   oîkos *woyḱ-o-…
Date: 2013-11-01

Attic Reversion

(602 words)

Author(s): Bridget Samuels
Abstract A development of PIE * ā peculiar to Attic, resulting in the merger of * ā with * ē except after e, i, r.   Attic-Ionic differed from other dialect groups in its treatment of PIE *ā. While other dialects typically retained * ā as [ɑ̄] (written as α), in Att.-Ion. merged with inherited (written as η), as seen with timḗ below. In Att., however, some cases of expected [ē] after [e, i, r] surface as [ɑ̄], as seen with neā́, oikíā, and khṓrā:   Att. Ion. …
Date: 2013-11-01

Labiovelars

(401 words)

Author(s): Bridget Samuels
Abstract Stops made with velar articulation…
Date: 2013-11-01