Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Frederick Hoyt" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Frederick Hoyt" )' returned 7 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first


(2,735 words)

Author(s): Frederick Hoyt
1. Introduction In terms of classical logic, the polarity of a sentence describes whether it asserts a truth or a falsehood. Accordingly, sentences have either negative polarity, in the case of a negated meaning, or positive polarity, in the case of affirmative meaning. Many linguistic expressions are sensitive to negative polarity: their interpretation is affected by, or requires the presence of, a negative-polarity expression (referred to as the ‘licensor’). Such expressions are referred to as ‘ negative-polarity items’ (NPIs). The study of negative-polarity items has be…

Verbal Clause

(4,052 words)

Author(s): Frederick Hoyt
1. Introduction The term ‘verbal clause’ ( jumla fiʿliyya) is taken from traditional Arabic grammatical theory, and is used in contrast to nominal clause ( jumla ismiyya). While the status of both terms in contemporary Western linguistic theory is unclear, the verbal clause seems to have elicited less theoretical interest than nominal clauses have, except with relation to agreement phenomena. This entry presents a comparison of two different ways in which the term ‘verbal clause’ has been used, then examines its role in the discussion of word order in Arabic and how it is represe…


(2,605 words)

Author(s): Frederick Hoyt
1. Specificity in linguistic theory Specificity has been used by linguists in several theoretical traditions to describe a property of noun phrase interpretation. It is most often used in describing the interpretation of indefinite noun phrases, which is the focus of this entry. The term has been used inconsistently and with little precision to describe a number of related but logically distinct notions. An extensive literature in the generative-compositional semantic tradition is devoted to unpacking these different notions, using a var…


(3,285 words)

Author(s): Frederick Hoyt
1. Introduction …

Noun Phrase

(3,607 words)

Author(s): Frederick Hoyt
1. Overview …