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Fasting

(813 words)

Author(s): Grün, Anselm
1. Forms of Fasting 1.1. Israel and Judaism In the OT law only the Day of Atonement was a strict fast. The righteous, however, fasted also each Monday and Thursday. Fasting expressed expiation (Atonement) and a readiness for conversion. It intensified the prayer for help (2 Sam. 12:16; 1 Kgs. 21:27; Neh. 1:4–11) and gave force to prayer for the attainment of revelations (Dan. 9:3; 10:2–3). It was the mark of a pious life pleasing to God. Along with prayer and almsgiving, fasting formed a triad of good works. The prophets criticized the common practice of fast…