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Persian

(4,457 words)

Author(s): John R. Perry
This entry includes an account of the incorporation of Arabic vocabulary into literary New Persian in general, and some discussion of the Arabic vocabulary in Standard Persian, the written and spoken language of educated Iranians today. The topic is pertinent also for other Iranian, Turkic, and Indic literary languages of the region, such as Chaghatay and Ottoman, Pashto, Urdu, and Bangla (Bengali), which received their Arabic vocabulary through the medium of Classical Persian. 1. History and evolution With the Arab conquest of Iran in the 7th century and the conversion …
Date: 2018-04-01

Tajik

(1,117 words)

Author(s): John R. Perry
Tajik Persian ( zabån-e fårsi-e tåjiki; as transliterated from Cyrillic, zaboni forsi-i tojikī) is the New Persian dialect of Central Asia, a descendant together with Persian of Iran ( fårsi) from the spoken Middle Persian of the Sasanian Empire at the time of the Arab Muslim conquest of 640–712 C.E. The Arabic alphabet and vocabulary were instrumental in the rise of this language, which, in the form of Classical Persian, furnished a common idiom for writers of Iran, India, and Central Asia over many centuries. This survey …
Date: 2018-04-01