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Educational Treatises from Italy

(858 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ The rise of Neo-Latin literature was tied to an educational reform, in which the mediaeval emphasis on practical, pre-professional education was challenged by the Renaissance humanists, who shifted t…

Virgilianism

(451 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ Virgil’s works have stood at the centre of the educational canon from the beginnings of Neo-Latin culture and exercised a significant influence on the development of literature during this period. Fo…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Age of Petrarch

(1,249 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ That medieval Latin is followed by Neo-Latin is clear; what is less clear is when the transition from the former to the latter took place. The simple answer is, with Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch (…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Quattrocento

(1,223 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ At the beginning of the Quattrocento, Neo-Latin literature in Italy was centred in Florence, where the aging chancellor, Coluccio Salutati, preserved the Christian humanism of Petrarch. While importa…

Neo-Latin Supplements to Classical Latin Works

(726 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ The most famous Neo-Latin supplement to a classical Latin work is the Aeneidos liber XIII of Maffeo Vegio (1407–1458). The ancient lives state that Virgil left the Aeneid unfinished at his death. Modern scholars take this to m…

The Neo-Latin Epic

(7,884 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
Introduction ¶ The Neo-Latin epic presents an unusual series of challenges to the modern reader. In their own day the poems written in this genre, of which there are more than a hundred, were understood…

Rhetoric

(6,424 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig (College Station, Texas)
A. Theory A.1. IntroductionR. already played an important part in medieval culture as an integral element of the language-centred trivium of the artes liberales. Certain aspects of the medieval tradition remained relevant in rhetorical practice, but the discipline as such was transformed by Humanism, which began in Italy in the 14th cent. and continued elsewhere in Europe until the 17th. Renaissance R., built on a new theoretical foundation and in combination with grammar, history, poetics and moral philosophy, was ap…
Date: 2016-11-24

Venice

(3,316 words)

Author(s): Gáldy, Andrea M. (München) | Kallendorf, Craig (College Station, Texas)
A. HistoryFounded around AD 600, V. by the High Middle Ages was the leading trading metropolis and political power in the eastern Mediterranean, once Genoa was extinguished as a rival in the War of Chioggia (1380). The city-state's close relations with the Byzantine Empire cooled after the sack of the Byzantine capital Constantinople by order of Doge Enrico Dandolo during the Fourth Crusade in 1204. Following a last phase of expansion up to 1453 (the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople), V. lost i…
Date: 2016-11-24