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Huldrych Zwingli

(941 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
Biography After attending Latin schools in Weesen, Basel and Bern, Zwingli studied first in Vienna and then matriculated, in 1502, at the University of Basel, where he received a bachelor’s degree in 1504 and a master’s degree in 1506. Shortly after beginning his theological studies that same year, he was ordained and became a parish priest in Glarus, where he undertook a programme of intensive private study. During this period he also made contact with Swiss humanists (Joachim Vadian, Heinrich G…

Demeter

(2,765 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
(Δηµήτηρ/ Dēmḗtēr; Latin Ceres) A. Myth D., daughter of Kronos and Rhea and one of the twelve Olympian deities, is the goddess of agriculture and fertility. She also functions as the patroness of married women. Her daughter Persephone (Latin Proserpina) is born of the union of D. and Zeus. Without consulting her mother, Zeus cedes Persephone to Hades as wife, and Hades abducts the girl and takes her into the Underworld. D. spends nine days searching the whole earth for her daughter, before Helios informs her of the abduction (Hom. H. 2,47–87; ¶ Ov. Fast. 4, 581f.). Burning with rage ag…

Amazons

(4,065 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
(Ἀµαζόνες [ Amazónes], Latin Amazones) A. Myth The A. are a race of warlike women, whose homeland Greek mythology locates at the mouth ¶ of the River Thermodon in northern Asia Minor. Their origin is uncertain. In later versions of the myth, they are described as descendants of a nomadic people whose male members were killed by their own wives (Iust. 2,4; Diod. Sic. 2,44). For procreation, they meet the men of a neighbouring tribe once a year (Str. 11,5,1). The sons of these unions are either killed (Iust. 2,4) or sent…

 Ieremias propheta

(376 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
Ieremias propheta‘Interpretation of the prophet Jeremiah’ Huldrych Zwingli Date: Possibly 1528/29 Original Language: German Description In Zwingli’s exegesis of the Prophet Jeremiah, preserved in a transcript of 124 folios made by a member of his audience, can be found the clearest expression of his conviction that the Turks are to be understood as a punishment from God ( Zwinglis sämtliche Werke, xvi, pp. 190-91). Jeremiah 27:12 gives him cause to consider why God allows Christians to fall under the rule of an un-Christian people, and his response is that t…

Demeter

(2,529 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
(Δημήτηϱ, lat. Ceres) A. Mythos D., Tochter von Kronos und Rheia und eine der zwölf Olympischen Gottheiten, ist Göttin des Ackerbaus und der Fruchtbarkeit; sie fungiert zudem als Schutzherrin der verheirateten Frauen. Ihre Tochter Persephone (lat. Proserpina) geht aus der Verbindung zwischen D. und Zeus hervor. Ohne die Mutter zu fragen, überläßt dieser Persephone dem Hades als Frau, der das Mädchen in die Unterwelt entführt. Neun Tage lang sucht D. die ganze Erde nach ihrer Tochter ab, ehe sie von …

Amazonen

(3,691 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian
(᾽Αμαξόνες, lat. Amazones) A. Mythos Die A. sind ein Volk kriegerischer Frauen, deren Heimat die griech. Mythol. an der Mündung des Flusses Thermodon im nördlichen Kleinasien lokalisiert. Ihr Ursprung ist ungewiß; in späteren Ausgestaltungen des Mythos werden sie als Nachfahren eines Nomadenvolks charakterisiert, dessen männliche Angehörige von ihren eigenen Frauen getötet wurden (Iust. 2,4; Diod. 2,44). Zur Fortpflanzung vereinigen sich die A. einmal im Jahr mit den Männern eines benachbarten Volkss…

Autobiography

(1,713 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian (Bonn RWG)
Moser, Christian (Bonn RWG) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) Because autobiography is not considered to be a traditional literary genre, it does not follow a normative stylistic model. The Confessiones by Augustine are a product of Late Antiquity and therefore never achieved the status of a prescriptive model. The work was rarely imitated directly. Only individual elements (story of conversion, mystical ascent of the soul, meditation on memory) that Augustine himself had adopted from traditional early Christian context…

Autobiographie

(1,482 words)

Author(s): Moser, Christian (Bonn) RWG
Moser, Christian (Bonn) RWG [English version] A. Einleitung (RWG) Die A. gehört nicht zu den traditionellen lit. Gattungen; es gibt für sie kein normatives stilistisches Modell. Die Confessiones des Augustinus sind ein Produkt der Spät-Ant. und haben daher nie den Status eines verbindlichen Vorbilds erlangt. Selten wurden sie direkt imitiert; Gegenstand der Nachahmung waren vielmehr einzelne Elemente (Konversionsgeschichte, mystischer Seelenaufstieg, Gedächtnismeditation), die Augustinus seinerseits ant. und frühchristl. …