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Prothetic Vowel

(1,090 words)

Author(s): Munther A. Younes
Prothesis (also prosthesis) is the addition of a segment, usually a vowel, to the beginning of a word (Crystal 1997:315; Trask 2000:266). Prothesis in Arabic involves the addition of a short vowel to prevent the occurrence of impermissible consonant clusters word-initially. There are differences between fuṣḥā and the modern spoken dialects in the application of the prothesis rule. 1. Prothesis in fuṣḥā Three basic syllable types (CV, CVC, and CVV) occur freely in the language; another three types (CVCC, CVVC, CVVCC) are limited to specific environments, ma…
Date: 2018-04-01