Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Oort, Johannes van" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Oort, Johannes van" )' returned 5 results. Modify search


Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Augustine

(845 words)

Author(s): Oort, Johannes van
Augustine, (Augustinus of Hippo), * 13 Jan 354 (Thagaste), † 28 08 430 (Hippo Regius) Life and work of Augustinus of Hippo, the most influential Father of the Catholic Church in the West, were inextricably connected with the gnosis of → Manichaeism. In 373, as a young student of rhetoric in Carthage, he made his sudden change to the “religion of Light”, which at that time was very attractive to intellectual circles both in Roman North Africa and, for example, Italy. From his nineteenth up to and even beyond his twenty-eighth year, Augustinus was a Manichaean Hearer ( auditor). In the writing…

Manichaeism

(6,493 words)

Author(s): Oort, Johannes van
1. History of Research Manichaeism is the gnostic world religion which was named after → Mani. Although this self-styled gnostic prophet and “apostle of Jesus Christ” flourished in the 3rd century C.E., it was not before the beginning of the 18th century that his religion became the object of serious historical and theological research. During many centuries, the term “Manichaeism” was in use in the West, but mainly as a label falsely applied when rejecting any dissenting opinion. In the course of the Middle Ages, both in the Church and the State, …

Mani

(1,329 words)

Author(s): Oort, Johannes van
Mani, * 14 Apr 216 (near Seleucia-Ctesiphon), † 26 Feb 277 (Beth-Lapat (Gundeshapur)) Mani, the founder of the gnostic [→ Gnosticism] world religion of → Manichaeism, was born near the southern Mesopotamian town of Seleucia-Ctesiphon on the Tigris. More or less trustworthy original Manichaean sources on his life are relatively late and scanty. It now seems certain that his father's name was Pattīg or Pattēg (Greek: Pattikios; Latin: Patticius; Arabic: Futtuq); the name of his mother was probably Maryam or Mi…

Utrecht

(1,118 words)

Author(s): Oort, Johannes van
[German Version] I. City and Bishopric Utrecht grew up on the site of a Roman (from 47 ce), Frisian, and Frankish fort; it became a bishopric in 695, when Willibrord, the apostle to the Frisians, received permission from Pippin II, the Frankish king, to make Utrecht the base for his missionary work. The city was a popular residence of German emperors such as Conrad II (died 1039 in Utrecht) and Henry V (died 1125 in Utrecht); in 1122 Utrecht received city rights. Under episcopal rule, Utrecht became a powerful p…

Utrecht

(972 words)

Author(s): Oort, Johannes van
[English Version] I. Stadt und Bistum An der Stelle eines röm. (seit 47 n.Chr.), friesischen und fränkischen Kastells erwachsen, wurde U. 695 Bischofssitz, nachdem der Friesenapostel Willibrord von Frankenkönig Pippin II. die Erlaubnis zur Errichtung seines Missionsstützpunkts in U. erhalten hatte. U. war vielbesuchte Residenz dt. Kaiser wie Konrad II. (gest.1039 in U.) und Heinrich V. (gest.1125 in U.); 1122 erhielt sie das Stadtrecht. Unter bfl. Hoheit wurde U. zu einem mächtigen Fürstentum und zu…