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Bellarmine, Robert

(821 words)

Author(s): Padberg, S.J., John W.
Robert Bellarmine (b. Montepulciano, Tuscany, October 4, 1542; d. Rome, September 17, 1621) was one of the best-known and most widely published Roman Catholic theologians of the post-Reformation period. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1560, began the study of theology at Padua in 1567, and in 1569 went to Louvain both as student and as professor. There he began his lectures on Roman Catholic teachings then under attack by the Reformers. In 1576 he was appointed to the chair of controversial theolog…

Jesuits

(3,134 words)

Author(s): Padberg S.J., John W.
1. Establishment and Purpose The Society of Jesus ( Societas Jesu, S.J.), officially established in 1540, traces its origin to the coming together of Ignatius of Loyola (1491–1556) and six of his companions who had been influenced by his Spiritual Exercises: Nicolás Bobadilla (1507–90), Pierre Favre (1506–46), Diego Laínez (1512–65), Simão Rodrigues (d. 1579), Alfonso Salmerón (1515–85), and Francis Xavier (1506–52). At Montmartre in Paris on August 15, 1534, these men took a vow of poverty and chastity and also vowed that, if possible, they wou…