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Cilician Arabic

(5,199 words)

Author(s): Stephan Procházka
1. General 1.1 Area and range The Arabic dialects of Cilicia (Southern Turkey) are spoken in the three large cities of the Cilician Plain ( Çukurova), namely Adana, Tarsus, and Mersin, as well as in about 25 villages situated to the south of these towns (see map). The total number of an estimated 70,000 Arabic speakers comprises three communities who differ in both religion and dialect: 66,500 Nusayri- Alawis, 4,000 Sunnis and 1,000 Christians (the latter two groups found only in Mersin). Cilician Arabic is isolated both from the Arab countries themselves and from other Arabi…
Date: 2018-04-01

Color terms

(3,078 words)

Author(s): Stephan Procházka
This article deals mainly with the morphological and semantic aspects of color terminology in all layers of Arabic, including modern dialects. Remarks on the symbolism of colors are given only when directly relevant to the above theme (for a good overview on this subject, see Morabia 1986). The role of colors in Islamic philosophy has not been taken in account. The Evolution of the Basic Color Terminology in Arabic  In this short description of the system of basic colors in Arabic we follow the classical study by B. Berlin & P. Kay, who postulated that a basic co…
Date: 2018-04-01

Turkish Loanwords

(4,030 words)

Author(s): Stephan Procházka
1. History of contacts Close contacts between the Arabs and speakers of Turkic languages go back to the first half of the 9th century, when the Abbasid caliphs began recruiting Turks from Central Asia as Praetorian guards. Although some of these mercenaries – for instance ʾAḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn and his successors – were even de facto rulers of Egypt (868–905), their language left hardly any traces in Arabic. The same is true of such later Turkish dynasties as the Ikhshidids and Seljuks. However, during the rule of the Mamluks in general (13th–16th centuries), and of the Baḥrī Maml…
Date: 2018-04-01

Prepositions

(3,142 words)

Author(s): Stephan Procházka
Prepositions may be defined as function words indicating the relation of a noun or pronoun to other words in the clause. Thus, the study of prepositions includes aspects of morphology and syntax as well as the lexicon itself. This entry classifies the prepositions of Arabic, briefly describes their most important forms, and outlines their usage in Classical, Modern Standard, and modern dialectal Arabic. All prepositions in Arabic, regardless of whether they are classified as ‘primary prepositions’ or ‘secondary prepositions’ (see discussion below), share se…
Date: 2018-04-01