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Una Sancta Movement

(1,513 words)

Author(s): Voss, Gerhard
1. Name In Germany the Una Sancta movement—one of ecumenical awakening between the rise of National Socialism (Fascism) and Vatican II—was specifically ecclesiological, spiritual, and dialogic, and it embraced Protestant and Roman Catholic theologians, pastors, and laity, both men and women. In the worldwide 20th-century ecumenical movement the Una Sancta movement was part of the surge of interdenominational efforts that had arisen in the 19th century and that sought to renew the historical shape …

Proselytes/Proselytism

(1,656 words)

Author(s): Wandrey, Irina | Carlebach, Elisheva | Grundmann, Christoffer H. | Voss, Gerhard
[German Version] I. Early Judaism The Septuagint uses προσήλυτοι/ prosḗ lytoi, literally “those who have come over,” to translate Hebrew גֵּר/ gēr (“resident alien” [Stranger: II] in the land of Israel, enjoying a special legal status). Toward the end of the ¶ second temple period, proselyte came to denote primarily a convert to Judaism (e.g. Jos. Apion. II 28), with almost the same rights in the Jewish community as someone born a Jew. In early Judaism, three conditions for conversion (VIII) to Judaism were laid down: offering sacrifice (dropped af…

Proselyten/Proselytismus

(1,512 words)

Author(s): Wandrey, Irina | Carlebach, Elisheva | Grundmann, Christoffer H. | Voss, Gerhard
[English Version] I. Antikes JudentumMit προση´λυτοι/prosē´lytoi, wörtl. »Hinzugekommene«, übers. die LXX das bibl.-hebr. גֵּר/ger (der im Land Israel ansässige und einen bes. Rechtsstatus genießende »Fremde« [: II.]). Gegen Ende der Epoche des Zweiten Tempels bez. der Begriff Proselyten (P.) dann hauptsächlich den zum Judentum Konvertierten (so etwa bei Flav.Jos.Apion. 2,28), der innerhalb der jüd. Gemeinschaft fast dieselben Rechte besaß wie ein Jude von Geburt. Im antiken Judentum werden folgende Beding…