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United Kingdom

(8,367 words)

Author(s): Smith, Mark
1. Historical Development The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is constituted from four major units: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Each of these regions has had a distinct history, both secular and ecclesiastical. The present article deals with the first three of these regions, collectively known as Great Britain until the 17th century, when the part of Ireland that became “Northern Ireland” in 1920 began to develop a distinctive religious identity. From that p…

Macaulay, Zachary

(166 words)

Author(s): Smith, Mark
[German Version] (Apr 2, 1768, Inverary – May 13, 1838, London), the son of a minister in the Church of Scotland, worked from the age of 16 as a bookkeeper on an estate in Jamaica. There his experiences led to a lifelong abhorrence of slavery. In 1793 Macaulay went to work in the new colony of Sierra Leone, which had been founded as a settlement for freed slaves. He served as governor of the colony for six years and then returned to England, where he was an effective campaigner for the abolition o…