Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Hippias [2]

(2,887 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hippias [2] | Ἱππίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Thasos Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about this scholar apart from his birthplace (Thasos); as far as his dating, the sole useful detail we have is the terminus ante quem established by the mention of him by Aristotle1 ( Poet. 25, 1461a21-23). The actua…

Nicanor [1]

(874 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 05/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [1] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cos Date: Hellenistic Age (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian who bore the name of Nicanor and was a native of Cos is mentioned twice in the scholia to Theocritus1, both times for an observation on the fountain Burina, a place on his native island ( Sch. Theocr. 7, 5/9 k. o). The fact that Nicanor…

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,455 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have rece…

Dionysodorus

(1,814 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysodorus | Διονυσόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Troezen Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Troezen (Plut. Arat. 1, 1–1, 3; Ap. Dysc. Pron. p. 3, 12–29), Dionysodorus was a student of Aristarchus1 and dedicated himself to many fields of study. He is credited with a work On rivers (Περὶ ποταμῶν, Sch. Eur. Hip. 12…

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Metrodorus

(2,496 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Metrodorus | Μητρόδωρος Identity: Place of Origin: Lampsacus Date: 5th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Metrodorus was a student of the philosopher Anaxagoras1 (Diog. L. 2, 11), and so he has to be dated to the 5th c. BCE and to be considered distinct from the younger Epicurean2 Metrodorus3 who was also from Lampsacus. Metrodorus is mentioned in Plato’s4…

Artemon [1]

(2,176 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 23/06/2004 - 28/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [1] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: ca. 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemon was a native of Pergamum ( Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b) and lived presumably in the 2nd c. BCE: the polemic conducted against him by the disciple of Aristarchus1, Menecrates of Nysa2 (2nd c. BCE; cf. Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b-c),…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Hegesianax

(5,072 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hegesianax | Ἡγησιάναξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria (in the Troad) Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hegesianax was a native of Alexandria in the Troad, and he is named as a proxenus of Delphi in the inscription ISyll.3 585, 41 and mentioned by Demetrius of Scepsis1 ( ap. Ath. 4, 155a-b) as a φίλος of King Antiochus t…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Pius

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pius | Πῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Pius remains essentially uncertain; the activity of the grammarian was initially dated shortly before the end of the 2nd c. CE (A. Gudeman, Scholien, RE 2A 1 [1921], 662), a hypothesis shared also by Hiller ( Pius, 1869 , pp. 93ff.); Richter ( Interpr. Gr., 1…

Alexion Cholus

(10,168 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexion Cholus | Ἀλεξίων ὁ χωλός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: Second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexion, nicknamed ὁ χωλός "the Lame" ( Sch. Il. 21, 282e. 21, 331e), engaged in Homeric1 exegesis: the Homeric scholia that can be traced back to Herodianus2 and the Etymologica3 show his interest in etymological and gramm…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patric…

Athenocles

(2,412 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by …
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