Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Chamaeleon

(11,910 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 05/10/2007 – 09/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Chamaeleon was a native of Heraclea in Pontus and, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatus2. We should identify him as the Chamaeleon who, as Photius3 reports in an extract from the historian Memnon of Herac…

Glaucus [1]

(4,422 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [1] | Γλαῦκος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Rhegium Date: 5th-4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have little certain information about the life of Glaucus of Rhegium, or simply “of Italy.” It is not easy to determine his date, which scholars currently base on two pieces of information: a) he was a contemporary of Democrit…

Dionysius [3]

(2,650 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [3] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Phaselis Date: 2nd c. BCE – ante 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a Greek grammarian1 of Phaselis (Lycia), whose date is fixed between a terminus ante quem represented by the mention of him by Didymus2 (1st c. BCE–1st c. CE) in Sch. Pind. N. 11 inscr. a., and a terminus post quem, namely …

Attalus [1]

(9,174 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/10/2017. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Attalus [1] | Ἄτταλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: mid-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Attalus was an astronomer1 and mathematician2 of the mid-2nd c. BCE (Kidd 1997, p. 18) and an older contemporary of Hipparchus3. He revised the text of Aratus’4 Phaenomena5, probably based on a collation of several manuscripts (Lui…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Heliodorus

(5,000 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 25/02/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heliodorus | Ἡλιόδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Heliodorus was an Alexandrian1 scholar who lived around the mid-1st c. CE, and he prepared an edition of Aristophanes’ 2 comedies, with colometric division of the text and metrical commentary; fragments of this have been reconstru…

Onasander

(1,720 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Onasander | Ὀνάσανδρος (Ὀνήσανδρος) Identity: Perseus | BNP Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The spelling of the name of Onasander is disputed in the ancient sources: Johannes Lydus1 ( Mag. 1, 47) and the Tactica2 (14, 112) attributed to Leo VI3 record an Ὀνήσανδρος among the authors of military strategy, while the entry in the Suda4 (ο 386) pre…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Soteridas (Soteras)

(2,032 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Soteridas (Soteras) | Σωτηρίδας (Σωτήρας) Identity: Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information we have about this grammarian comes from two entries in the Suda1 , probably derived from Hesychius of Miletus2 (σ 875 and 876, s.v.Σωτηρίδας); we can add to these another on Pamphile3 (π 139, s.…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Curtius Nicias

(2,624 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/05/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Curtius Nicias | Κούρτιος Νικίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cos Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Curtius Nicias was a grammarian and tyrant of Cos in the Late Republican period. He was in Rome beginning in 62 BCE and became a Roman citizen thanks to Pompey1 and C\. Memmius2. His complete name is preserved only by Suetonius3 ( gramm.

Nessas

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Chios Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Chios, Nessas was a student of Democritus1 and the teacher of Metrodorus of Chios2 The name is attested also with the variant Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), but the form Νεσσᾶς, used by Diogenes Laertius3 (9, 58) …

Silenus

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Dettori, Emanuele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Emanuele Dettori and first published on 10/05/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Silenus | Σιληνός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE Biography: It is commonly asserted that Silenus mentions (Ath. 11, 482f) Nicander1 and that hence his date would be tied to Nicander’s or to the Nicanders’, which is, however, uncertain: a) the second half of the 3rd c. BCE-beginning of the 2nd c. BCE, b) the last third of the 2nd c. BCE (see th…

Philostephanus

(7,565 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 07/06/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole biographical information about Philostephanus in our possession comes from Athenaeus1 (8, 331 d-e), who calls him a native of Cyrene and a γνώριμος of Callimachus2, using the same term attested in P.Oxy. 1241, col.…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Apollonius [8] Chaeridis filius

(1,270 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [8] Chaeridis filius | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ τοῦ Χαίριδος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Villoison ( Proll. Il., 1788, p. XXIX)1 accepted as genuine the form ὁ τοῦ Χαίριδος (attested only in Sch. Aristoph. Ve. 1238b) against the corrupt ὁ Χάριδος of Sch. Il. 3, 448a and Ap. Soph. p. 162, 14-16. 171, 17…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Herodicus Crateteus

(10,339 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herodicus Crateteus | Ἡρόδικος ὁ Κρατήτειος Identity: Perseus Place of Origin: Babylonia (Seleucia on the Tigris?) Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Herodicus was a native of Babylonia (ὁ Βαβυλώνιος, Ath. 5, 222a; cf. Eustath. ad Il. 1077, 24-27), or perhaps of Seleucia on the Tigris, the new capital of the kingdom (so I. Düring, He…
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