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Leogoras (Leagoras)

(1,226 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leogoras (Leagoras) | Λεωγόρας (Λεαγόρας) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Syracuse Date: 2nd c. BCE? Biography: A native son of Syracuse, the grammarian Leogoras is known thanks to two Latin testimonia related to the use of the diple diacritical sign in the text of Homer1. His name varies in the sources between the forms Leogoras and Leagora…

Diogenes [3]

(1,247 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/06/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenes [3] | Διογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE Biography: Diogenes is a grammarian known only from two fragments, both of them preserved by scholia on the Iliad1 that can be traced back to Didymus2, who thus represents the terminus ante quem. Both fragments refer to his hypomnemata3; one concerns an exegetical interventio…

Xenon

(701 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Xenon | Ξένων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE Biography: Xenon’s place in the critical stream of the Alexandrine Χωρίζοντες1 is attested by a passage of Proclus’2 Vita Homeri3 (p. 102, 2-6 Allen: T 1 Montanari = Hellanikos T 2 Montanari), which associates Xenon with Hellanicus4 in doubting Homeric5 authorship of the Odyssey6 (... Ἰλ…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,066 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 09/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE Biography: The era and birthplace of Apollonius can be established from POxy. 1241, which contains a chronologically organized list of some Alexandrian librarians1 that, in the preserved portion, covers the period …

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,408 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud. π 3034); this allows us to date him to th…

Asclepiades [5]

(2,396 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [5] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: In the scholia to Aristophanes1 seven fragments of a grammarian named Asclepiades are preserved; he is cited without any indication of his ethnic or any other detail that could aid us in identifying him or placing him chronologically. The reconstruction of C. Müller (in FHG 3, p. 299)…

Sosigenes

(1,029 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosigenes | Σωσιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: Sosigenes is a grammarian known to us from four attestations in the scholia on the Iliad1, where he is cited for his Homeric2 ἔκδοσις (ἡ Σωσιγένους [ sc. ἔκδοσις]). His date remains uncertain (J. La Roche, Die Homerische Textkritik im Altherthum, Leipzig 1866 (repr. Hildesheim 1992), p. …

Euripides

(1,633 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae tr…

Crates [1]

(30,060 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to 14…

Mnaseas [1]

(9,683 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 11/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Mnaseas [1] | Μνασέας Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Patara (Lycia) (?) Date: second half of the 3rd c. BCE Biography: The sources attribute to Mnaseas both the ethnic Πατρεύς and the ethnic Παταρεύς, and so either Patras in Achaia or Patara in Lycia could be his homeland; nonetheless, the variant Παταρεύς seems preferable since…

Neoteles

(2,008 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoteles | Νεοτέλης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE? Biography: The dating of Neoteles is uncertain, since it is based on the hypothesis that he was a student of Aristarchus1, which was formulated by Blau ( Aristarch. discip., 1883, p. 77) because Didymus2 in Sch. Il. 24, 110b1 mentions Neoteles along with two definite students o…

Aristodemus [1]

(4,990 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thirteen times i…

Dionysodorus

(1,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysodorus | Διονυσόδωρος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Troezen Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: A native of Troezen (Plut. Arat. 1, 1–1, 3; Ap. Dysc. Pron. p. 3, 12–29), Dionysodorus was a student of Aristarchus1 and dedicated himself to many fields of study. He is credited with a work On rivers (Περὶ ποταμῶν, Sch. Eur. Hip. 123) a…

Parmenon

(1,599 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 23/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων ὁ γλωσσογράφος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: ante 1st c. CE? Biography: Parmenon was a glossographer1 and a native of Byzantium. He was the author of a treatise Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books (Sch. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication of POxy. 3710 which ref…

Artemon [1]

(2,166 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 23/06/2004 - 28/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [1] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: ca. 2nd c. BCE Biography: Artemon was a native of Pergamum (Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b) and lived presumably in the 2nd c. BCE: the polemic conducted against him by the disciple of Aristarchus1, Menecrates of Nysa2 (2nd c. BCE; cf. Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b-c), offers a termin…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,014 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and first published on 29/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: born post 182 - † 116 BCE Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2 and the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been esta…

Porphyrius

(6,950 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name by …

Hellanicus

(1,802 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He shou…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,342 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax.  Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne1 (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hilg…
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