Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Lupercus

(3,988 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 06/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lupercus | Λούπερκος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Berytus Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Lupercus, a grammarian from Berytus, was born or, more probably, flourished according to the Suda1 a little before the brief reign of the Emperor Claudius II2 (268/270 CE; for the participle γεγονώς as indicating the acmé of a career …

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Theodosius

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodosius | Θεοδόσιος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodosius was a grammarian native to Alexandria and can be dated to the 4th/5th c. CE because he was a contemporary of Synesius of Cyrene1, who, in a letter to his brother, sends greetings to a θαυμάσιος γραμματικὸς Θεοδόσιος, who is commonly identifie…

Stephanus

(5,287 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Margarethe Billerbeck è Didier Clerc è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Stephanus | Στέφανος Luogo di provenienza: Bisanzio Data: 6° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Vita e opere Non possediamo notizie dettagliate sulla vita e l’attività di Stefano di Bisanzio, che la Suda menziona solo brevemente nella voce Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). La nostra conoscenza del lessicografo si basa quindi sulla sua stessa opera e su testimonianze pun…

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …

Euclides

(5,309 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euclides | Εὐκλείδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the time period, place of origin, or life of Euclides and even the historical reality of this figure has been called into doubt. He is mentioned in relation to the structure of Attic tragedy and comedy in some passages of Johannes Tzetzes1, who menti…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Heliodorus

(5,000 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 25/02/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heliodorus | Ἡλιόδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Heliodorus was an Alexandrian1 scholar who lived around the mid-1st c. CE, and he prepared an edition of Aristophanes’ 2 comedies, with colometric division of the text and metrical commentary; fragments of this have been reconstru…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Philemon [3]

(3,883 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 30/03/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [3] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian of the imperial age, Philemon has now been dated to ca. 200 CE on the basis of several pieces of evidence, which are not of the same value: 1) Oros1 (5th c. CE) could offer a terminus ante quem, if he is in fact the source, through Choerobo…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(9,878 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Kotiaeion (Frigia) Data: 70/80 ca.-150 ca. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, cioè originario della città frigia di Κοτιάειον (questa la forma corretta del toponimo stando a Strabone 12, 8, 12, contro Κοτυάειον e Κοτιαέον della tradizione tardoantica e bizantina),…

Euphronius

(9,190 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 20/04/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonese Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who was a commentator on comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, fourteen of which are in the scholia on the Frogs2 alone and nine on the Wasps3), but it is no…

Eudaemon

(6,351 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Pelusio Data: 4° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e poeta, contemporaneo di Libanio di cui era amico e corrispondente epistolare (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633), nato intorno al 314–324 e morto prima del 392 (così Kaster 1988, p. 279). Da non confondere con il più giovane Eudemone, insegnante …