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Chaeris

(10,343 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? Biography: We have no certain information about the life of Chaeris. We know from his fragments that he lived after Aristarchus1, with whom he shares or disputes some philological opinions about the Iliad2, and before Didymus3, who used his writings (Sch. A Il. 6, 71 a1). In light…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,459 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have received from, on the one hand, Sud…

Theodosius

(1,331 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodosius | Θεοδόσιος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE Biography: Theodosius was a grammarian native to Alexandria and can be dated to the 4th/5th c. CE because he was a contemporary of Synesius of Cyrene1, who, in a letter to his brother, sends greetings to a θαυμάσιος γραμματικὸς Θεοδόσιος, who is commonly identified as our Theo…

Symmachus [1]

(6,125 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/10/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Symmachus [1] | Σύμμαχος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE Biography: The terminus ante quem for the life of Symmachus is furnished by Herodianus1 (2nd c. CE), who cites him in his Περὶ μονήρους λέξεως2 (2, p. 945 Lentz). This date is consistent with the fact that Symmachus rejected the account of the death of the Athenian Themistocle…

Alexion Cholus

(9,878 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexion Cholus | Ἀλεξίων ὁ χωλός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: Second half of the 1st c. CE Biography: Alexion, nicknamed ὁ χωλός "the Lame" (Sch. Il. 21, 282e. 21, 331e), engaged in Homeric1 exegesis: the Homeric scholia that can be traced back to Herodianus2 and the Etymologica3 show his interest in etymological and grammatical questi…

Eudaemon

(5,602 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian and poet as well as a contemporary of Libanius1 who was a friend and epistolary correspondent of his (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born around 314-324 CE and died before 392. He should not be confused with the younger Eudaemon2 who wa…

Orus

(11,170 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon de…

Aristocles

(4,354 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 19/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE Biography: The grammarian Aristocles appears among the noteworthy Rhodians listed by Strabo1 (14, 2, 13), who calls him a contemporary (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We probably should identify with this man the Aristocles mentioned by Di…

Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,688 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1.  The meaning of this note has bee…

Parmeniscus

(4,710 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually the title of a…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(13,733 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 01/12/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE Biography: A native of Amisus in Pontus, the grammarian Tyrannion lived in the time of Pompey the Great1, according to the Suda2 (τ 1184), and he died at an advanced age. In the date given by the Suda for his death, ὀλυμπιάδι ριηʹ, ἐν τ…

Hermias

(601 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 17/03/2008 – 12/03/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermias | Ἑρμείας Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd–1st c. BCE? Biography: The grammarian Hermias is known from only one citation in the scholion of Herodianus1 on Il. 16, 2072; this fragment attests his attachment to the Cratetean3 school (Κρατήτ<ε>ιος) and can therefore suggest a dating between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. His reading of Il. 16, 207 (τ…

Hermap(p)ias

(2,136 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermap(p)ias | Ἑρμαπ(π)ίας Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE Biography: A grammarian named Hermapias or Hermappias is cited many times in the scholia to the Iliad1, in some cases through Herodianus2, who thus serves as a terminus ante quem. The fluctuation in the spelling of his name (Ἑρμαππίας in Sch. Il. 4, 235a1. a2. 21, 331e. 24, 557a; Ἑρμαπίας in S…

Nicanor [3]

(10,139 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermippu…

Demetrius [5]

(1,117 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009 – (02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [5] | Δημήτριος ὁ Γονύπεσος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2° sec. d.C. Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of unknown origin, and information about him is scarce. Herodianus1 (2nd c. CE) mentions him (Sch. Il. 8, 233b), and this serves as a terminus ante quem and the sole point of reference for dating hi…

Philemon [1]

(5,433 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 (ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v. πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves as the sole certain t…

Astyages

(2,300 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Astyages | Ἀστυάγης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: The grammarian Astyages, whose time period and city of origin are unknown, is named in the πίναξ1 of grammarians contained in some mss. (Coisl. gr. 387, Vat. gr. 1456, Bodl. Misc. 211, Barocc. 125: cf. H. Rabe, Die Listen griechischen Profanschriftsteller, «RhM» 65 (1910), pp. 339…

Proteas

(956 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 03/04/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Proteas | Πρωτέας Place of Origin: Zeugma Date: ante 2nd c. CE Biography: A commentator on Homer1, Proteas was a native of the Syrian city of Zeugma (Steph. Byz. p. 295, 12-15 [Meineke], s.v. Ζεῦγμα) and lived in an era that cannot be determined with complete certainty. The lower limit for his date, however, can be fixed…

Aristeas

(1,620 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/06/2007 - 25/07/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristeas | Ἀριστέας Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Alexandrine age (1st c. BCE?) Biography: We can recover the native land of Aristeas of Rhodes from a passage of Erotianus1 that lists grammarians who composed lexicographical works on Hippocrates2 (p. 5, 16-18 Nachmanson); it names two figures who were born in Rhodes (cf. Anast…

Orion

(25,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: Wikipedia | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον but …
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