Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Autochthon

(2,285 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 15/05/2005 – 09/09/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autochthon | Αὐτόχθων Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Autochthon was a Homeric1 commentator of uncertain era but presumably belonged to the early imperial period (2nd/3rd c. CE), as Erbse ( Beiträge, 1960, p. 58) deduced from the fact that he was cited together with Epaphroditus2 ( Sch. Il. 22, 3). To this …

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Nicias

(5,165 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicias | Νικίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Nicias was a Homeric1 commentator, but we know neither when he lived nor his city of origin. However, we ought to seriously consider the proposal to identify him as the grammarian Curtius Nicias2, a native of Cos (he could have been the tyrant3 of the …

Antidorus

(2,609 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 19/09/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antidorus | Ἀντίδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyme Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Immisch ( De gramm. principe, 1890, pp. 695-696) determined the correct name of this grammarian as Ἀντίδωρος. He had previously been referred to in manuscripts as “Αὐτόδωρος”, a reading that had been regarded as secure until …

Dionysius [1]

(1,241 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 14/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [1] | Διονύσιος ὁ Ὀλύνθιος Place of Origin: Olynthus (?) Date: 5th/4th c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius is an almost unknown grammarian, wholly neglected by reference books and encyclopedic repertories; if the passage of Tatianus1 that names him after Herodotus2 and before Ephorus3 really contains a διαδοχή of th…

Aretades

(1,356 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 30/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aretades | Ἀρητάδης Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus? Date: 3rd-1st c. BCE ? ↓ To Source List Biography: There is no biographical information available about the grammarian Aretades. It is possible that he was a native of Cnidus, if he is in fact the same man as Aretades Κνίδιος who is mentioned in two passages of Ps.-Plutarch1 as th…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alabanda Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The nickname by which Apollonius was known to his contemporaries appears in the sources both as ὁ Μόλων and as ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; this fact, discussed by Riese (1879), is actually only an apparen…

Aristides Quintilianus

(8,774 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristides Quintilianus | Ἀριστείδης Κοϊντιλιανός (or Κουϊντιλιανός) Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing is known about the life of this author: the fact that in some manuscripts the nominative Ἀριστείδης is joined with the genitive τοῦ Κοϊντιλιανοῦ has suggested, not without so…

Naucrates [2]

(687 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Naucrates [2] | Ναυκράτης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Naucrates was a Homeric1 commentator and native of Erythrae, and he is cited only in Stephanus of Byzantium2 (the later mention of him in Eustathius3 most probably derives from this work). The identification of Naucrates with the disciple of I…

Andromachus [1]

(503 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [1] | Ἀνδρόμαχος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not have enough evidence to accept outright the identification of the Andromachus mentioned in Sch. D Il. 13, 130 as the author of Ἐτυμολογικά with the philologist Andromachus of Hierapolis1, the father of the tragedian Homer2 and the …

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Heracleon [1]

(5,690 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 11/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tilotis in Egypt Date: age of Augustus ↓ To Source List Biography: Heracleon was the son of Glaucus or Glaucon, as we learn from Stephanus of Byzantium1 ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), and a native of Tilotis, an Egyptian village near Heracleopolis; he worked as a teacher at Rome (cf. Su…

Chamaeleon

(11,910 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 05/10/2007 – 09/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Chamaeleon was a native of Heraclea in Pontus and, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatus2. We should identify him as the Chamaeleon who, as Photius3 reports in an extract from the historian Memnon of Herac…

Glaucus [1]

(4,422 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [1] | Γλαῦκος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Rhegium Date: 5th-4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have little certain information about the life of Glaucus of Rhegium, or simply “of Italy.” It is not easy to determine his date, which scholars currently base on two pieces of information: a) he was a contemporary of Democrit…

Dionysius [3]

(2,650 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [3] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Phaselis Date: 2nd c. BCE – ante 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a Greek grammarian1 of Phaselis (Lycia), whose date is fixed between a terminus ante quem represented by the mention of him by Didymus2 (1st c. BCE–1st c. CE) in Sch. Pind. N. 11 inscr. a., and a terminus post quem, namely …

Attalus [1]

(9,174 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/10/2017. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Attalus [1] | Ἄτταλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: mid-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Attalus was an astronomer1 and mathematician2 of the mid-2nd c. BCE (Kidd 1997, p. 18) and an older contemporary of Hipparchus3. He revised the text of Aratus’4 Phaenomena5, probably based on a collation of several manuscripts (Lui…
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