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Artemon [3]

(438 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v. Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed identifying Ar…

Philostratus [2]

(1,303 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [2] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Tyre Biography: Philostratus of Tyre is cited by Photius1 (Bibl. cod. 150, 99a-b) as the author of a lexicon on the orators, which is mentioned along with similar works by Julianus2 and Valerius Diodorus3. Cohn ( Griech. Lexikogr., 1913, p. 590) has proposed to identify him with with Philostratu…

Palaephatus

(17,629 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud. π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only one p…

Zopyrion [1]

(723 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 04/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrion [1] | Ζωπυρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE Biography: Zopyrion was a grammarian perhaps of the Aristarchean1 school and the author of a glossographical2 work on nouns beginning with the letters α-δ. Together with Pamphilus’3 Λειμών (letters ε-ω), his work was used by the Suda4, from which we learn that Diogenianus5…

Aelius [3] Serenus

(2,848 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [3] Serenus | Αἴλιος Σερῆνος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Athens Date: First half of the 2nd c. CE Biography: Aelius Serenus was an Athenian grammarian (and philosopher? cf. Phot. Bibl. cod. 167, 114a 14-114b 27) who lived around the first half of the 2nd c. CE. The Suda1 (σ 249) attributes to him two epitomes of learned writings, w…

Pamphila

(4,842 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 30/06/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: Neronian age Biography: The essential biographical information about Pamphila is found in the Suda1 (π 139) and in cod. 175 of Photius’2 Library3 which concerns her historiographical work. She was probably the daughter of the grammarian Soteridas4, alth…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,408 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud. π 3034); this allows us to date him to th…

Demetrius [9]

(674 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [9] | Δημἁτριος Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE Biography: Information about Demetrius is very scarce. Diogenes Laertius1 (late 2nd-early 3rd c. CE) mentions him twelfth in his list of important men bearing the name Demetrius, so this constitutes a terminus ante quem for his dating. From Diogenes (5, 84) we know — and …

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,867 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE? Biography: The identity and even the very existence of a grammarian named Didymus Claudius are controversial. The sole attestation of the Greek name accompanied by the Latin cognomen appears in the pertinent entry of the Suda1 (δ 874), which also furnishes …

Philippus [1]

(7,385 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418, s…

Crates [1]

(30,060 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to 14…

Mnaseas [1]

(9,683 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 11/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Mnaseas [1] | Μνασέας Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Patara (Lycia) (?) Date: second half of the 3rd c. BCE Biography: The sources attribute to Mnaseas both the ethnic Πατρεύς and the ethnic Παταρεύς, and so either Patras in Achaia or Patara in Lycia could be his homeland; nonetheless, the variant Παταρεύς seems preferable since…

Claudius [2] Casilo

(1,820 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 09/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Claudius [2] Casilo | Κλαύδιος ὁ Καςίλωνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: A lexicographer of uncertain date, Claudius was identified by Nauck ( Krit. Bemerk., 1868) with the Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κασίλωνος cited by the Suda1 (the complete name would then be Κλαύδιος Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κασίλωνος), as a student of a similarly obscure figure na…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,459 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have received from, on the one hand, Sud…

Daphitas

(3,894 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (in Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE (?) Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian and sophist from Telmessus; scholars date his life variously to the 3rd and to the 2nd c. BCE. The sources also give different forms for his name: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. XIV 1, 39 [= C 647], Cicero, De fato 3, 5)…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,014 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and first published on 29/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: born post 182 - † 116 BCE Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2 and the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been esta…

Porphyrius

(6,950 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name by …

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(5,757 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 14/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = T 1 Magnelli) informs us that Alexander Aetolus was born in Pleuron in Aetolia, and that his parents’ names were Satyrus and Stratocleia.  Elsewhere (α 3745 = T 2 Magnelli) the Byzantine lexicon…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,342 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax.  Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne1 (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hilg…

Euphorion

(3,844 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 22/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis in Euboea Date: 275/268-? BCE Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis between ca. 275 and 268 BCE; according to the Suda1 he studied poetry under Archebulus of Thera2 and philosophy under Lacydes3 (the head of the Academy4 after 241/40 BC…
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