Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Seleucus [2]

(3,404 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 27/09/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Seleucus [2] | Σέλευκος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Emesa Date: late imperial period? ↓ To Source List Biography: Seleucus, a native of Emesa, was a grammarian and epic poet. According to Schmidt ( Seleucus, 1848, pp. 443-445) he lived in the age of Tiberius1, but the arguments adopted in support of this dating seem …

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Clemens

(1,392 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Clemens | Κλήμης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Clemens. His Latin name suggests to date him in the imperial period, probably between the 1st and 2nd c. CE. Only three citations of Clemens survive in some lexicographical works…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Iustinus

(576 words)

Author(s): Russo, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Russo and first published on 29/06/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iustinus | Ἰουστῖνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholion on Lucian1 (25, 48 [p. 118, 7-8 Rabe]) attributes to a certain Ἰουστῖνος the idea that the construction of κατάγνυμι with the genitive (κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου) is an Ἀττικὴ σύνταξις. Apart from the mention of a Ἰουστῖνος Ἀττικιστής in a scholion of Basil of C…

Helladius [3]

(3,491 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Helladius [3] | Ἑλλάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Helladius was a priest of Zeus1 at Alexandria and lived during the reign of Theodosius II2; because he was involved in the disorders following the destruction of the Serapeum, he had to flee to …

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Harpocration [2]

(3,819 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 30/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [2] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Argos Date: ca. late 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Harpocration was an exponent of Middle Platonism1 and a student of Atticus2. Proclus3 ( in Remp. 2, p. 96, 11-13 Kroll) mentions him among τῶν Πλατωνικῶν οἱ κορυφαῖοι in the era before Porphyry4. Within these restrictions he is…

Hermippus [2]

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/07/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Berytus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: A man of slave origin and a native of a village in Phoenicia that shared the name of Berytus with the famous port (cf. the clarification of the Suda1 lexicon, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Hermippus was a student of Herennius Phil…

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,267 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biography of Heraclides Lembus is obscure in many aspects because of the disagreement between Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 94) and the Suda2 (η 462, s.v.Ἡρακλείδης), the sole sources at our disposal. Accord…

Chamaeleon

(11,910 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 05/10/2007 – 09/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Chamaeleon was a native of Heraclea in Pontus and, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatus2. We should identify him as the Chamaeleon who, as Photius3 reports in an extract from the historian Memnon of Herac…

Ister [2]

(563 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [2] | Ἴστρος Place of Origin: Callatis Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Only Stephanus of Byzantium1 (p. 349, 2 Meineke, s.v.Κάλλατις) mentions an Ister of Callatis, who was the author of a καλὸν βιβλίον περὶ τραγῳδίας of which we have no other testimony. There was probably originally in the Suda2 a life of our Ister, which was later blen…

Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion

(3,793 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion | Διονύσιος ὁ Σκυτοβραχίων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mitylene? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It is not clear what the reason was for the nickname Scytobrachion, “Leather-arm”, which is attested in the Suda1, by Athenaeus2, and by Suetonius3 for the mythographer Dionysius, wh…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Genethlius

(1,903 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Genethlius | Γενέθλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Petra Date: second half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The meagre biographical information that we have about the rhetorician Genethlius comes solely from the Suda1 lexicon (γ 132). He was the son of a man also named Genethlius and a native of the Palestinian cit…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…
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