Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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A War Unimagined: Food and the Rank and File Soldier of the First World War

(10,797 words)

Author(s): Duffett, Rachel
Duffett, Rachel - A War Unimagined: Food and the Rank and File Soldier of the First World War Keywords: army rations | emotion | file soldiers | First World War | food | rankers' writing ISFWWS-Keywords: Western Front | Soldiers and Combat | Britain | Published memoirs and biographies | Military organisation of combat | Economy Abstract: The literary legacy of the First World War has tended to ignore the mass of writing produced by its rank and file soldiers, whose perceptions, lack of writing skills and limited reflexivity did not, in …

The Mater Dolorosa on the Battlefield— Mourning Mothers in German Women’s Art of the First World War

(10,203 words)

Author(s): Siebrecht, Claudia
Siebrecht, Claudia - The Mater Dolorosa on the Battlefield— Mourning Mothers in German Women’s Art of the First World War Keywords: First World War | German women's art | maternal sacrifice ISFWWS-Keywords: Women and War | Visual Arts | Germany | Religion | Society | Home fronts Abstract: A predominant theme in women's art of the First World War is that of maternal sacrifice. Contemporary women's literature, short stories and poetry also present the experience of mothers sacrificing their sons for the fatherland as the most im…

Preliminary Material

(3,997 words)

Contributor(s): Jones, Heather | Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph | O’Brien, Jennifer
Jones, Heather; O’Brien, Jennifer; Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph - Preliminary Material Keywords: cultural history | First World War | military history | wartime experience Abstract: This front matter section of the book Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies contains the table of contents, list of tables, list of illustrations, acknowledgements, contributors, and foreword. Drawing on the latest research, the book presents new essays on the First World War that explore the global, military and civi…

Index

(3,405 words)

Contributor(s): Keene, Jennifer D. | Neiberg, Michael S.
Keene, Jennifer D., Neiberg, Michael S., - Index Keywords: First World War | index | inter-allied negotiations | sailors' war | trench culture Abstract: This index presents a list of references that are cited in the book on finding common ground. Representing the best of cutting-edge scholarship in First World War studies, this anthology demonstrates the possibility of finding common ground in how cultural, social, and military historians study the war. Essays focus on the decisions of commanders, inter-allied ne…

Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War

(13,430 words)

Author(s): Roy, Kaushik
Roy, Kaushik - Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War Keywords: First World War | France | Indian cavalry | Mesopotamia | Palestine | Third Afghan War ISFWWS-Keywords: India | Military organisation of combat | Experience of combat | Legacy | Soldiers and Combat | The French and British Empires | Middle East | The Ottoman Empire and the Middle East | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This chapter argues that it is ahistorical to analyze the evolution of armies and warfare by using universal concepts like modern warfare.…

Illustrations

(499 words)

Contributor(s): Meyer, Jessica
Meyer, Jessica - Illustrations Keywords: active service | British popular culture | First World War | tailoring | trenches Abstract: This section contains illustrations of eight figures relevant to discussion of British Popular Culture and the First World War. The first figure illustrates outfits for active service. The second figure deals with “Tailoring in the Trenches”. The third figure shows the members of the women’s volunteer reserve on their fortnightly route march. The last two figures illustrate postcards showing convalescent guides. British Popular Culture and the …

Bibliography

(5,763 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Bibliography Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This bibliography of this book Guarded Neutrality contains a list of Archives from primary sources: books, articles, periodicals and newspapers sourced for this book on diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. The section on Printed Secondary Sources contains a list of books, articles, and periodicals. Finally the chapter presents the dissertations of the book. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, …

Sisters and Comrades Women’s Movements and the “Austrian Revolution”: Gender in Insurrection, the (Räte) Movement, Parties and Parliament

(9,176 words)

Author(s): Hauch, Gabriella
Hauch, Gabriella - Sisters and Comrades Women’s Movements and the “Austrian Revolution”: Gender in Insurrection, the ( Räte) Movement, Parties and Parliament Keywords: Austrian Revolution | First World War | political equality | Räte organisations | women ISFWWS-Keywords: Austria-Hungary | Politics | Society | Economy | Legacy | Russia | Women and War Abstract: Margarete Susman's critique of First World War politics seems to imply that only "new" ideas and agents can change the political field for the better. Taking this as a starting p…

Humanitarian Relief in Europe and the Analogue of War, 1914–1918

(8,031 words)

Author(s): Little, Branden
Little, Branden - Humanitarian Relief in Europe and the Analogue of War, 1914–1918 Keywords: American Red Cross (ARC) | Belgium | First World War | Humanitarian relief | Rockefeller Foundation (RF) | war in Europe ISFWWS-Keywords: The United States of America | Economy | Belgium | Medicine | Violence against civilians | International Relations during the War | Politics | Naval Warfare | Women and War Abstract: Foremost among the scores of Great War-era American organizations mobilized to deliver life-sustaining aid to Europe in the form of food, clot…

‘If It Had Happened Otherwise’—First World War Exceptionalism in Counterfactual History

(8,232 words)

Author(s): Badsey, Stephen
Badsey, Stephen - ‘If It Had Happened Otherwise’—First World War Exceptionalism in Counterfactual History Keywords: counterfactual history | exceptionalism | First World War | Uchronia ISFWWS-Keywords: Legacy | Literature | General | Politics | Experience of combat Abstract: While any historical event or development has unique characteristics, historians use the term ‘exceptionalism’ to identify those which appear to have no equivalent. The counterfactual history website Uchronia lists in its database some 2,600 books, stories and articles of counterfact…

‘Playing at being Soldiers’?: British Women and Military Uniform in the First World War

(10,127 words)

Author(s): Noakes, Lucy
Noakes, Lucy - ‘Playing at being Soldiers’?: British Women and Military Uniform in the First World War Keywords: British women | femininity | First World War | Marjorie Garber | military uniform | soldiering | Susan Grayzel ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Women and War | Home fronts | Politics | Masculinity | Gender | Society Abstract: The woman in military uniform threatens to destabilise both the femininity of the women who wear it and the naturalised linkage between soldiering and masculinity. As Marjorie Garber has argued, the “sight …

Index

(3,095 words)

Contributor(s): Jones, Heather | Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph | O’Brien, Jennifer
Jones, Heather; O’Brien, Jennifer; Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph -Index Keywords: civic identity | combat | First World War | juvenile delinquency | occupation | untold war Abstract: This index section presents list of terms that occur in the book Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies. The book covers diverse themes such as combat, occupation, civic identity, juvenile delinquency, chaplains, art and remembrance, across a wide range of societies, including Germany, France, Britain, German colonial Africa, Belgium and Romania. Untold War

‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform

(9,853 words)

Author(s): Tynan, Jane
Tynan, Jane - ‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform Keywords: British army uniform | drafting guides | dressing techniques | First World War | soldier tailors | tailoring trade | trenches | wartime representations ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Masculinity | Home fronts | Society | Soldiers and Combat | Published memoirs and biographies | Economy Abstract: While soldiers’ bodies were disciplined by dressing techniques long before the First World War, this chapter explores specific wartime representations of …

Index

(994 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Index Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | military internment | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This index is a list of terms, names and concepts that occur in this book Guarded Neutrality. The book is about diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. The list is in the alphabetical order. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2013 e-ISBN: 9789004249066 DOI: 10.1163/9789004249066_016 © 2013 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Wolf, Susanne

The Development of the Swiss Army’s Combat Methods after the First World War

(6,083 words)

Author(s): Olsansky, M. M.
Olsansky, M. M. - The Development of the Swiss Army’s Combat Methods after the First World War Keywords: combat methods | Felddienst 27 | First World War | Swiss army Abstract: As is generally known, Switzerland's armed forces did not actively participate in the power struggles of the First World War and were not directly confronted with the changes in warfare between 1914 and 1918. This chapter focuses on the development of the combat methods of the Swiss army in the 1920s. This decade reveals to what ex…

“All That is Best of the Modern Woman”? Representations of Female Military Auxiliaries in British Popular Culture, 1914–1919

(11,249 words)

Author(s): Robert, Krisztina
Robert, Krisztina - “All That is Best of the Modern Woman”? Representations of Female Military Auxiliaries in British Popular Culture, 1914–1919 Keywords: British popular culture | conflicting representations | female military auxiliaries | First World War | military parades | military women | modern military discourses | wartime popular culture | wartime propaganda battle ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Women and War | Home fronts | Society | Gender | Politics | Legacy Abstract: In Britain during the First World War, members of the female auxiliary corps became th…

The Last War: The Legacy of the First World War in 1940s British Fiction

(10,056 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Victoria
Stewart, Victoria - The Last War: The Legacy of the First World War in 1940s British Fiction Keywords: British writing | civilian life | ex-servicemen | First World War | military campaign | non-combatants ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Literature | Legacy | Experience of combat | Western Front | Soldiers and Combat Abstract: Whilst the period between 1929 and 1933 is often seen as the high-water mark for the appearance of depictions of the First World War in British writing, the outbreak of a new war did not completely obfuscate the …

Why are We still Interested in This Old War?

(6,828 words)

Author(s): Chickering, Roger
Chickering, Roger - Why are We still Interested in This Old War? Keywords: American Revolution | First World War | Second World War | War ISFWWS-Keywords: General | Legacy | Literature | Culture | Society Abstract: This chapter begins with an immodest proposition. This is that the foundation of the Historiale in Peronne was not the only reason why the year 1992 was significant for the historiography of the First World War. In March of the same year, the first in a series of conferences took place in Washington, DC on the history …

Further Reading

(3,242 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Further Reading Keywords: Dutch | First World War | Netherlands Abstract: The Dutch attitude to the First World War is very different to that of its near neighbours. In Belgium, Germany, France and Great Britain the First World War was, and is still, considered to be a major event. Studies of the Netherlands during World War One by Dutch scholars are not only few and far between, but until recently have also suffered from a lack of breadth. Interest has centred primar…

Liaisons not so Dangerous: First World War Liaison Officers and Marshal Ferdinand Foch

(9,133 words)

Author(s): Greenhalgh, Elizabeth
Greenhalgh, Elizabeth - Liaisons not so Dangerous: First World War Liaison Officers and Marshal Ferdinand Foch Keywords: DuCane | First World War | General Ferdinand Foch | liaison Officers ISFWWS-Keywords: French Army and its combattants | Military organisation of combat | France | Britain | Soldiers and Combat | International Relations during the War | Politics | Belgium Abstract: This paper examines the work of Foch's liaison officers in order to show how their reporting illuminates his actions in carrying out his various wartime command r…
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