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An Amulet From Arslan Tash (2.86)

(828 words)

Author(s): McCarter, P. Kyle
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Miscellaneous Inscriptions Commentary Two small limestone plaques, bearing a series of inscriptions and drawings and perforated at the top for wall-mounting, were purchased in 1933 at Arslan Tash, Syria (ancient Ḫadattu). The first plaque, which was published in 1939, is translated here. The main text is written on the front and back of the plaque in the spaces not occupied by illustrations; it consists of six lin…

The El Khadr Arrowheads (2.84)

(658 words)

Author(s): Hamilton, Gordon
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Miscellaneous Inscriptions Commentary These five arrowheads, inscribed with Old Canaanite alphabetic letters, were found near Bethlehem and published between 1954 and 1980.1 Their weight and size, between 9.5 and 10.5 cm, fall within normal parameters for arrowheads used for practical purposes.2 Dating to ca 1100–1050 bce,3 these inscriptions provide witness both to literacy and goddess religion in Palestine during the late second millennium. The El Khadr Arrowheads (2.84) Su…

The Gezer Calendar (2.85)

(602 words)

Author(s): McCarter, P. Kyle
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Miscellaneous Inscriptions Commentary This limestone plaque, found at Gezer in 1908, is inscribed with a brief text associating the months of the year with various agricultural activities — hence its familiar designation as a “calendar.” The limestone from which the small, hand-sized tablet is made is soft, and both surfaces show evidence of erasing and reuse. This suggests that it may have been a practice tablet a…

The Ketef Hinnom Amulets (2.83)

(546 words)

Author(s): McCarter, P. Kyle
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Miscellaneous Inscriptions Commentary These two tiny silver scrolls were found in 1980 by Gabriel Barkay during the excavation of a burial cave in Jerusalem near the Church of St. Andrew on a rocky hillside overlook the Valley of Hinnom — hence, Ketef Hinnom or “the Shoulder of Hinnom.” When unrolled, the scrolls proved to be amulets containing several lines of Hebrew script, the preserved portions of which include…

The Tel Dan Bowl (2.87)

(174 words)

Author(s): McCarter, P. Kyle
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Miscellaneous Inscriptions Commentary This short Aramaic inscription is incised on the base of bowl found among a collection of ninth- and eighth-century pottery from Tel Dan. It consists of six Aramaic letters, five of which are fully or partly extant, written alongside a five-pointed star. The Tel Dan Bowl (2.87) Subject: 1 Sam 8:13; 9:23, 24; Gen 37:36; 2 Kgs 25:8; Dan 2:14 (Belongi…