Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Philemon [2]

(1,083 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [2] | Φιλήμων Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The birthplace of Philemon is unknown, and the presumed ethnic attested in Sch. Il. 2, 258a1 (κατὰ Φιλήμωνα τὸν Κρητικόν) and accepted by Erbse ( ad loc.1) is probably a corruption: Villoison ( Proll. Il., 1788, p. XXIII2) suggested emending it to τὸν κριτι…

Chaeris

(10,361 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no certain information about the life of Chaeris. We know from his fragments that he lived after Aristarchus1, with whom he shares or disputes some philological opinions about the Iliad2, and before Didymus3, who used his writings ( Sch. A Il. 6, …

Artemon [3]

(458 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v.Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed i…

Leogoras (Leagoras)

(1,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leogoras (Leagoras) | Λεωγόρας (Λεαγόρας) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Syracuse Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native son of Syracuse, the grammarian Leogoras is known thanks to two Latin testimonia related to the use of the diple diacritical sign in the text of Homer1. His name varies in the sources between the forms Leogora…

Dorotheus

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dorotheus | Δωρόθεος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ascalon Date: early Imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Dorotheus is mentioned as the author of a lexicon of Attic words entitled Λέξεων συναγωγὴ, Ἀττικὴ λέξις, or λέξεις Ἀττικαί; he reportedly dedicated a specific discussion to the Homeric1 use of the term κλίσιον (Porph. ad Od. 24, 208; S…

Diogenes [3]

(1,243 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/06/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenes [3] | Διογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Diogenes is a grammarian known only from two fragments, both of them preserved by scholia on the Iliad1 that can be traced back to Didymus2, who thus represents the terminus ante quem. Both fragments refer to his hypomnemata3; one concerns an exegetica…

Xenon

(703 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Xenon | Ξένων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Xenon’s place in the critical stream of the Alexandrine Χωρίζοντες1 is attested by a passage of Proclus’2 Vita Homeri3 (p. 102, 2-6 Allen: T 1 Montanari = Hellanikos T 2 Montanari), which associates Xenon with Hellanicus4 in doubting Homeric5 authorship of the O…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Alexander [4]

(1,316 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Flavia Cecchi and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [4] | Ἀλέξανδρος Place of Origin: Paphos Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander is known only from two citations preserved by Eustathius1 and derived from the collection of aitia and paradoxa of Ptolemy Chennos2. Because of the doubts raised by critics about the reliability of Ptolemy in mentioning his auctoritates, the figure of Alex…

Neleus

(4,673 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neleus was the son of the Coriscus1 who is cited many times by Aristotle2 (cf. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 and Gottschalk 2000, 809–810); according to Strabo3 (13, 1, 54) Neleus was a native of Scepsis and a student of Aristotle and Theophrastus4. …

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,740 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identity and even the very existence of a grammarian named Didymus Claudius are controversial. The sole attestation of the Greek name accompanied by the Latin cognomen appears in the pertinent entry of the Suda1 (δ 874), which al…

Sosigenes

(1,039 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosigenes | Σωσιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sosigenes is a grammarian known to us from four attestations in the scholia on the Iliad1, where he is cited for his Homeric2 ἔκδοσις (ἡ Σωσιγένους [ sc. ἔκδοσις]). His date remains uncertain (J. La Roche, Die Homerische Textkritik im Altherthum, Leipzig 1866 (repr. Hildeshe…

Democrines

(1,082 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 30/03/2007 – 09/10/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democrines | Δημοκρίνης Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of Democrines, who was probably a scholar (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem (Scholia Vetera), rec. H. Erbse, 1–7, Berlin-New York 1969–1988, 6, index [1], s.v.), was restored by Bekker in the scholion of Didymus1 on Il.…

Euripides

(1,641 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae…

Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…

Timachidas

(4,459 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Heracleon [2]

(1,718 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 03/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [2] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: In the work of Athenaeus1 we find seven citations from a lexicographer named Heracleon of Ephesus, who at one point is mentioned along with Nicander ὁ Θυατειρηνὸς2, and in another instance with a certain Polemarchus (regarding this cf. also Heroti…

Athenodorus

(1,331 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 21/06/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenodorus | Ἀθηνόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenodorus was a Stoic1 philosopher of the first rank (Plut. CMi. 10, 1). Nicknamed Cordylion, “the Hunchback”, he lived in the 1st c. BCE and worked as the head of the library of Pergamum, until, following a visit by M. Porcius Cat…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Hippias [2]

(2,887 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hippias [2] | Ἱππίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Thasos Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about this scholar apart from his birthplace (Thasos); as far as his dating, the sole useful detail we have is the terminus ante quem established by the mention of him by Aristotle1 ( Poet. 25, 1461a21-23). The actua…

Nicanor [1]

(874 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 05/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [1] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cos Date: Hellenistic Age (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian who bore the name of Nicanor and was a native of Cos is mentioned twice in the scholia to Theocritus1, both times for an observation on the fountain Burina, a place on his native island ( Sch. Theocr. 7, 5/9 k. o). The fact that Nicanor…

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,455 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have rece…

Dionysodorus

(1,814 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysodorus | Διονυσόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Troezen Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Troezen (Plut. Arat. 1, 1–1, 3; Ap. Dysc. Pron. p. 3, 12–29), Dionysodorus was a student of Aristarchus1 and dedicated himself to many fields of study. He is credited with a work On rivers (Περὶ ποταμῶν, Sch. Eur. Hip. 12…

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Metrodorus

(2,496 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Metrodorus | Μητρόδωρος Identity: Place of Origin: Lampsacus Date: 5th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Metrodorus was a student of the philosopher Anaxagoras1 (Diog. L. 2, 11), and so he has to be dated to the 5th c. BCE and to be considered distinct from the younger Epicurean2 Metrodorus3 who was also from Lampsacus. Metrodorus is mentioned in Plato’s4…

Artemon [1]

(2,176 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 23/06/2004 - 28/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [1] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: ca. 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemon was a native of Pergamum ( Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b) and lived presumably in the 2nd c. BCE: the polemic conducted against him by the disciple of Aristarchus1, Menecrates of Nysa2 (2nd c. BCE; cf. Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b-c),…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Hegesianax

(5,072 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hegesianax | Ἡγησιάναξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria (in the Troad) Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hegesianax was a native of Alexandria in the Troad, and he is named as a proxenus of Delphi in the inscription ISyll.3 585, 41 and mentioned by Demetrius of Scepsis1 ( ap. Ath. 4, 155a-b) as a φίλος of King Antiochus t…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Pius

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pius | Πῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Pius remains essentially uncertain; the activity of the grammarian was initially dated shortly before the end of the 2nd c. CE (A. Gudeman, Scholien, RE 2A 1 [1921], 662), a hypothesis shared also by Hiller ( Pius, 1869 , pp. 93ff.); Richter ( Interpr. Gr., 1…

Alexion Cholus

(10,168 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexion Cholus | Ἀλεξίων ὁ χωλός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: Second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexion, nicknamed ὁ χωλός "the Lame" ( Sch. Il. 21, 282e. 21, 331e), engaged in Homeric1 exegesis: the Homeric scholia that can be traced back to Herodianus2 and the Etymologica3 show his interest in etymological and gramm…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Athenocles

(2,412 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenocles | Ἀθηνοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyzicus Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Cyzicus (Ath. 5, 177e), the grammarian1 Athenocles probably lived a little before, or was a contemporary of, Aristarchus2, as one can conclude from Sch. Od. 14, 503, which describes his intervention in the text w…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Cassius Longinus

(11,118 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and first published on 03/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: (210-213? - 272/273 CE) ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic1 philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician. His nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda2 (λ 645), which documents also his familial connection to Front…

Praxiphanes

(7,622 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 15/01/2007 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Praxiphanes was a Peripatetic1 philosopher and grammarian; he was the son of Dionysiphanes (IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3); according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11-16 Martin) …

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Autochthon

(2,285 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 15/05/2005 – 09/09/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autochthon | Αὐτόχθων Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Autochthon was a Homeric1 commentator of uncertain era but presumably belonged to the early imperial period (2nd/3rd c. CE), as Erbse ( Beiträge, 1960, p. 58) deduced from the fact that he was cited together with Epaphroditus2 ( Sch. Il. 22, 3). To this …

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Nicias

(5,165 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicias | Νικίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Nicias was a Homeric1 commentator, but we know neither when he lived nor his city of origin. However, we ought to seriously consider the proposal to identify him as the grammarian Curtius Nicias2, a native of Cos (he could have been the tyrant3 of the …
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